The childhood obesity is one of the most serious problems faced by children in recent years. Poor diet that causes it may end up drifting into dangerous diseases such as type 2 diabetes. According to the study by The Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition (AESAN), 45.2% of children between 6 to 9 years suffering from weight problems.
Specifically, 26.1% are overweight and 19.1% were obese. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also spoken out regarding this and declares that obesity and overweight have reached epidemic worldwide character. In the world there are more than one billion adults are overweight, of which 300 million are obese.
In recent years, it has increased the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM2) in the population of children and youth, coinciding with the increase in obesity and physical inactivity in this age group. Abuse of foods high in fat, sugar and salt, low intake of fruits and vegetables, and all associated with the decrease in physical activity among children, has made childhood obesity accelerate processes that used to take longer to appear.
Fats, sugars and bad habits
Among the risk factors is obesity, family history of type 2 diabetes, belonging to ethnic minorities (Hispanic), low or high birth weight, puberty and female sex, among others. At the beginning, the disease can pass almost unnoticed at no symptoms or, conversely, can show the classic symptoms of diabetes.
For this reason, the initial treatment should be intensively because of the high risk of chronic complications and is based on improving the diet and increase exercise, reaching in some cases take insulin. In fact, the incidence of childhood diabetes would not have such a high incidence if households carry out good eating habits such as breastfeeding, intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes, fish…
On the other hand, genes determine our body shape where the body stores and burns fat. This means that several people in a family are overweight can make the children see also affected by this problem.