Going to the beach is undoubtedly one of the things that most children like in summer. However, to enjoy without risk, it is important to take some preventive measures, simple to put into practice and that will avoid complications of health and unexpected discomfort in the smallest.
Just as we need to protect ourselves well if we are going to be exposed to the sun – to avoid burns, for example – there is a need to avoid other risks, such as a cut off digestion, and even a jellyfish sting. Let’s see, more closely, what to do in each case.
Heat stroke and insolation are two of the most severe risks that we expose if we remain for a long time in the summer sun, especially in the central hours of the day. Something we should avoid in the case of adults, and especially in the case of children.
What are the most common symptoms of sunstroke? Dizziness, excessive sweating, acceleration of breathing, increased heart rate and congested face. Increased body temperature and nausea is also a common sign.
Both to prevent and to act in the event of possible sunshine, care should be taken to ensure that children are in a cool and ventilated place, in the shade. Apply water with a damp towel on the face, wrists and the back of the neck.
As for heat stroke, the most frequent symptoms are irritability, skin irritation, sweating, dizziness, vomiting and headache. It can also cause fainting and, in the most severe cases, loss of consciousness.
When a child suffers a heat stroke it is necessary to place him immediately in a shady, cool and ventilated place, to remove the clothes and to wet him, with a wet towel, the body to lower the temperature.
Give him water to drink small sips to rehydrate. Seek medical advice as soon as possible.
The prolonged sun exposure can lead to other no less significant risk of burns. The redness of the skin, the appearance of blisters, sensation of chills and fever are the most common symptoms.
The best thing you can do is to apply cold compresses soaked in the affected areas, apply a moisturizer for children to calm the irritation and, with medical prescription, and give a painkiller. Until burns do not disappear, do not expose to the sun.
Cut of digestion
Dizziness, pallor of the skin, ringing in the ears and chills are some of the most common symptoms of cut-off digestion, as well as loss of consciousness in the most severe cases. That means the reaction of our body to a sudden change in temperature (for example, to jump sharply into cold water after being in the sun for a long time).
In case of digestion, the first thing is to remove the child from the pool or the sea, and place him in a lateral position, slightly raising his legs. It is best that lie down and give him serum until he replenishes.
Along with the mosquitoes, the dreaded jellyfish, whose presence in the summer can do that we ended up in the post of relief. If the child is stung by a jellyfish, remove the tentacles (with the aid of a towel, not directly with the fingers) and wash the wound with salt water. Then go to the doctor to apply an anti-irritant treatment.