What factors affect fertility?

While most people have no trouble to conceive within a year of sex without contraceptive measures, about 15 percent it can have drawbacks. Beyond specific functional issues, there are certain factors or habits that are negative and can affect fertility.

factors affect fertility

  • The age: As it is already known, especially in the case of women. Fertility is reduced over the years. The female fertility begins to decline after 35 years, with major problems for conception reaching 40. In the case of man, this relationship is not so clear, although a significant reduction occurs after age 40.
  • The obesity: Other health factors affect fertility is obesity, in fact, having a BMI (body mass index) over 29 difficult to conceive in women and also reduces fertility in men.
  • The extreme thinness: On the contrary, having a BMI under 19 can also lead to irregular menstruation or even amenorrhea – lack of menstruation – and, consequently, trouble getting pregnant.
  • Alcohol: Alcoholic drinks are also harmful to the reproductive system and, in the case of men, sperm quality decreases.
  • Cigarette: Smoking is another negative factor, both active and passive, as it reduce fertility in women and men.
  • The stress: Too much stress can not only affect the relationship, but also reducing libido and affects sexual intercourse in general.
  • Several toxic: Hydrocarbons, pesticides and insecticides also affect fertility. This way also certain medicines can do it.

Recommendations for couples seeking pregnancy

  • Reduce alcohol consumption and avoid smoking.
  • Maintain an appropriate weight- the BMI should be between 19 and 29.
  • Do regular physical activity: since leaving for a light walk to swimming or go to a gym.
  • It is convenient to have sexual intercourse every two or three days, beyond the ovulation to avoid the stress that it produces.